The renaissance of the lentil cultivation on the Swabian Alb might be a trend-setting success story and there is still a lot to investigate. Can a story like this happen again with other legumes, or in other European partner countries? The case study reveals and identifies agronomic factors for successful lentil growing which can help to stabilize, optimize and expand lentil cultivation in Europe.
The use of legumes and leguminous by-products within dairy systems is compared at Crichton Royal Farm: Home-grown feed, which is not purchased except minarals against fully purchased feedstuff - contrasing technical performance as well as GHG emissions and nutrient use efficiencies are expected to arise from the diets, genotypes and housing systems containing leguminous co-products or legumes grown in the UK.
Despite their clearly demonstrated benefits for pasture-based farms legumes they are rarely used on Irish grassland farms. To promote the wider use of legumes on grassland farms dairy and beef farmers have been selected as demonstration farmers. Discussions and farm visits are facilitated by Teagasc.
The European retail market is experiencing a rapid and consistent increase in consumer demand for new products made with plant protein. This trend has led to a huge number of new foods made with legumes being introduced across the EU. As an ongoing activity in TRUE project, innovation in the retail market is monitored by Work Package 4 to spot new products.
We investigate a range of innovative ways of using legumes to build soil fertility in glasshouses and polytunnels like using fast growing species of green manures that can be sown directly in the soil. We will evaluate the potential of a number of legume species.
In this case study we will set up field trials of Fava beans and French beans to assess the agronomic performance of heritage varieties in comparison to modern ones. The nutritional quality of the crops will be analysed. During the flowering period we will quantify visitation of the different varieties by pollinating insects and relate this to the production of floral volatile chemicals that may be responsible for attracting them and the quality of the resources that are provided in return.
The STC Case Study within TRUE will be looking at ways in which in-crop clover living mulches can be managed during crop growing seasons, with a particular attention to overcoming weed risks, enhancing soil organic matter / nitrogen content and generally improving the sustainability of cropping systems.
In this case study we are looking at the options for producing biomass suitable for animal feed or anaerobic digestion and how legumes in particular can help. We are focussing on winter crops to make best use of the full growing season.
Recent research has shown that the carbon footprint of milk produced on Irish dairy farms is approximately 1.23 kg CO2eq. per litre of fat and protein corrected milk. The objective is evaluate the feasibility of a Low Carbon System of milk production where emissions per litre of FPCM are substantially lowered, while maintaining current levels of milk output per ha and profitability.