Several attempts have been made in the past to introduce soybean in temperate regions of Europe, which, however, did not lead to a long-lasting establishment of soybean cropping systems in agricultural practice. Now it seems there is a break-through in some regions of Germany, Eastern France, Austria and Switzerland, maybe due to climate change, the breeding and availability of adapted varieties (0,00,000-varieties), the demand for GMO-free food and feed, and the demand for vegetarian/vegan food. Aim of the case study is to permanently integrate soybean in farming systems in temperate climates, to increase the stability and sustainability of soybean cropping systems, and thus to increase the soybean acreage in temperate climate. Currently, we assume that particularly organic farmers benefit from local soybean growing because of disease problems with the “traditional” legumes such as faba beans (Vicia faba) and peas (Pisum sativum) on the one hand, and the requirement of legumes for N-fixation on the other hand. In addition, local soy solves many problems related to the nutrition of monogasters in organic farming systems.
Type of legumes: Soybean
Type of farming system: Mixed
Case Study Leader: University of Hohenheim, Germany
Contact person: Sabine Gruber, University of Hohenheim, Department of Agronomy, Fruwirthstraße 23, 70593 Stuttgart
TRansition paths to sUstainable legume-based systems in Europe (TRUE) has received funding from the
European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 727973
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